Looking for a quick guide to size filter baskets?

You might have come away from our classes learning that the linchpin to fantastic espresso starts with defining a dose of ground coffee to use in your filter basket regardless of whether you are at home or in the cafe.

The problem with basket sizes is that they come in different styles, different diameters and different depths.

Ridged? Ridgeless? Single? Double? Triple?

What’s the deal and what does all of this mean for your humble caffe latte?

Firstly, let’s break down all the naming conventions.

Ridged vs ridgeless filter baskets

A ridged basket is easy to identify; it is typified by an indentation that runs around the entire circumference of the filter basket near the top, whilst a ridgeless basket is devoid of such an indentation.

The ridge serves the purpose of keeping the basket firmly seated inside the portafilter when knocking out extracted pucks. The filter basket is held in place by a metal spring.

Ridged vs Ridgeless filter baskets
L-R: Ridged filter basket, ridgeless filter basket.

A ridgeless basket always has the potential of being accidentally knocked out of the portafilter. In practice, this rarely happens if you knock the portafilter dead centre on the bar of the knock box/tube and come to a dead stop.

Despite this drawback, ridgeless baskets have the benefit of knocking out pucks out a lot cleaner than their ridged counterparts. Ridged baskets have a tendency to accumulate old coffee grinds in the ridge area even after knocking out pucks.

Your choice of whether you use ridged or ridgeless filter baskets has no impact on the quality of your espresso. They serve the same purpose as both have styles pros and cons.

Single vs double vs triple filter baskets

This naming convention basically refers to how many shots of espresso you can make; generally, one or two.

Simply put; the bigger the basket, the more espresso you can make.

A single basket will easily accept between 7-12 grams of ground coffee and is used to make one espresso. The basket has a funnel shape and this is paired usually with a single spouted portafilter.

single filter basket
Single filter baskets are identifiable from their unique funnel shape

A double basket will generally be sized between 14 grams and 21 grams. The double basket usually has straight walls or walls that slightly taper in.

Straight wall vs tapered wall filter basket
Straight wall vs tapered wall filter basket

A triple basket is the name given to a basket that can accept more than 21 grams of coffee. Other than this, there is no real distinction between a double basket and a triple basket as they are still used to make double espressos.

Triple filter baskets may not fit in your regular portafilter as they are deeper than your regular double filter basket. You’ll need a deeper portafilter to accommodate triple baskets or get yourself a naked portafilter.

Pressurised dual wall filter baskets

The term dual wall refers to a basket with a false bottom. The wall you see from the top is not the same wall you see from the bottom.

dual wall filter basket

Dual wall filter baskets are only used in domestic espresso machines to help people who are using pre-ground coffee (not good!) to achieve a fake crema by pressurising the already extracted coffee through a secondary false wall with a tiny pinhole at the bottom.

Dual wall filter baskets are easy to identify and should be thrown in the trash! Invest in a proper burr grinder for home and grind your coffee fresh as needed and use regular (single walled) baskets, you’ll thank me later!

Filter basket diameters

So now that you’ve gotten your head around the fact that baskets come in ridged and ridgeless versions in a lot of different capacities, you will find that filters baskets also come in different diameters.

The most common basket diameter is 58 mm and is usually the standard size used in commercial and higher-end domestic/prosumer espresso machines. Very occasionally you will encounter 53 mm diameter baskets, and rarer again, the 57 mm basket.

58mm – the most common size used by most brands

57mm – incredibly rare size used by domestic machines brands like Lelit and Ascaso

53mm – not as common but used by brands such as La Spaziale, Dalla Corte, some lever-piston machines, and some domestic machines

Some manufacturers of precision filter baskets, like the IMS E&B Lab filter baskets we use at The Espresso School, are sized ever so slightly larger than 58 mm. There are many manufacturers of precision filter baskets including IMS, VST, Pullman and others.

Precision filter baskets have one thing in common: evenly sized filtration holes. Regular filter baskets produced using regular manufacturing techniques tend to produce filter baskets with irregular sizing in diameter and even worse, partially or fully blocked filter holes.

Whip out a pair of vernier callipers and measure the internal diameter and buy an appropriately sized tamper to match. We love and use Pullman tampers at The Espresso School.

How to determine the size (capacity) of your filter basket

Oftentimes baskets come without any information written on it, so you have to figure out what is the optimal dose for the basket you’re working with.

Here’s a quick 3 step process to determine how much coffee your basket accepts:

  1. Tare off your portafilter on an electronic scale and dose to a lightly heaped mound.
  2. Evenly distribute the grinds by gently using your index finger to sweep the grinds across the whole basket surface (without pushing down into the basket) to fill in areas where there is not enough coffee. Any excess can be scraped off.
  3. Weigh the result and repeat a few times. This should give you a pretty good idea as to whether you’re dealing with an 18 gram or a 22g basket.

You can safely increase or decrease your dose by 1 gram for the basket you just sized without issue.

For example, after repeating the exercise three times the scale reads 17.4 grams, 18.2 grams and 19.0 grams. You can be fairly confident you’re dealing with an 18 gram basket. This means you can dose between 17 and 19 grams in the basket without too many problems.

It’s all about ratios!

Whether you’re using a 7-gram single basket, or a 24-gram triple basket, the goal is the same; to extract the right amount of flavour from the ground coffee.

Think of ratios as a scaling recipe. Brewing espresso at the same ratio with bigger baskets, and therefore more dose will yield more espresso in your cup.

In our introductory barista course, we recommend starting at a brewing ratio of 1 to 2 and working your way up and down from there.

If you want a less intense espresso, increase the ratio, e.g. 1 to 2.2. If you want a more intense espresso, decrease the ratio, e.g. 1 to 1.8.

So let’s say we own a 14-gram double basket and are dosing 14 grams in. At a brew ratio of 1:2 your total yield should be 28 grams of liquid espresso in your cup(s). Split equally, they would produce two espressos weighing 14 grams each.

If we decide to use a bigger 20-gram double basket to make our doubles at the same ratio of 1 to 2, our total yield would now be 40 grams. Again, this 40 gram yield can be split equally into two cups and would produce two espressos weighing 20 grams each.

The difference in basket sizes and total espresso yields is clear. Brewing at the same ratio using more coffee leads to more espresso in your cup and vice versa.

How much espresso is in your cup will have a direct impact on final drink concentration when adding steamed milk.

So how strong do you want your milk drinks to be?

The difference in yield between the espressos produced by the different baskets is considerable. Both are considered double espressos, yet the difference of 6 grams in yield means that 43% more espresso is being produced simply by using the bigger basket (and dose) and brewing to the same ratio.

How much espresso in your cup has a direct impact on milk beverage strength, whether it is a caffe latte, cappuccino or flat white.

Assuming a fixed cup size, more espresso (i.e. more yield) will produce a stronger tasting drink when topped up with steamed milk. So whether you choose to use an 18 gram basket or 22 gram basket generally hinges on your cup size.

If you’re using 150 mL cups, an 18 gram dose might produce a drink with the perfect balance between the espresso and milk. However, using a 22 gram dose might produce a milk drink that is no longer harmoniously balanced.

Conversely, an 18 gram basket (and dose) paired with a larger 220 mL cup might produce an incredibly milky and weak drink.

If you’re a cafe you should choose your basket size wisely to match your cup sizes so all your milk drinks are perfectly balanced.


Seriously, who knew filter baskets could be so complicated?! That’s probably more than you ever wanted to know about filter baskets and hopefully, I’ve demystified espresso filter baskets for you. If you have any questions, please hit us up in the comments below!

  1. Hi! Great article! I have a Smeg home espresso machine that uses a 15g dual wall, pressurized filter basket. Is there any way I can hack (home improvement) it to make it a non-pressurized filter basket? I’m pulling decent shots from it but I’m keen to take it to the next level. Thanks!

    1. Hi Alan, if you have a Dremel or rotary tool, you can carefully try and cut away the bottom wall of the basket, then grind and polish any burrs and sharp edges. Alternatively, if you measure the internal diameter of the filter basket for your Smeg, you might already find regular aftermarket baskets that suit!

  2. Hi , my issue same as Alan, where to search for smeg replacement baskets ? any useful links ?Thanks it was a really great article, very assuring that I can cut away the bottom in my smeg baskets.cheers..

  3. Hi,
    Thank you for this great article! I have learnt a lot from it.

    Qn 1: Above you say that you for 150ml cup, you would use a 18g basket to produce the perfect balance, do you mean that we would be extracting 18g of coffee in the cup or 36g of coffee?

    Referring to this: If you’re using 150 mL cups, an 18 gram dose might produce a drink with the perfect balance between the espresso and milk. However, using a 22 gram dose might produce a milk drink that is no longer harmoniously balanced.
    Conversely, an 18 gram basket (and dose) paired with a larger 220 mL cup might produce an incredibly milky and weak drink.

    Qn 2: I am thinking of keeping a constant 14g coffee in a 14g basket to produce 28g of coffee. How long should the shot extraction process be? I am expecting 26sec to 32sec for this amount.

    Thank you very much.

    Kind Regards,
    A user of Rancilio Silvia V5 paired with the Rancilio Rocky grinder

    1. Hi Francois,
      1) 18 gram dose, 38 gram yield. The yield would be equally split into two 150mL cups, so 18 grams of espresso in each.
      2) There is no hard and fast answer. Each coffee will have its own set of unique parameters that makes that particular coffee taste good. A recipe that works for one coffee will not work for another. Go and read our guide to dialing in espresso. https://www.espressoschool.com.au/blog/dialing-in-espresso/

      1. David,

        Thank you very much for your answer!!

        My coffee is now better than ever before.


  4. My wife likes to have a decaf coffee at night, however despite the beans being ground through our burr grinder at the same setting as our regular coffee beans,
    the shot is watery, pours quickly and lacks any crema. We buy our decaf beans and our coffee beans from the same coffee outlet.
    Does decaf need a different grind or perhaps a different basket? I am using a good quality semi commercial BFC coffee machine with a Ranchilio Rocky grinder.

    1. Hi John,
      All coffee beans regardless of where you buy them from will require a different grind setting. This is in part due to species and variety of coffee, altitude the coffee was grown at, processing method the coffee went through, and roasting degree. Every coffee has a different density and this will affect the grind setting you will need.

      Assuming your decaf is freshly roasted, adjust your grinder finer until you slow down the extraction to the desired flow rate.

      Good luck,

  5. Hi!
    Thank you for a very good article!
    I have a “Sage, The Barista express” at home. I like the espresso machine a lot when I use the double filter basket that came with the machine. But when using the single filter basket it’s almost impossible to get a good brewing. The pressure is always too high (that never happens with the double filter). Do you have any suggestions for other filter baskets that fits my machine? (or whatelse could be wrong?) I’ve tried to search online without any luck!

    kind regards,

    1. Hi Ida,
      Are you by any chance using the dual-wall single basket by accident? This could be the reason why the extraction pressure gauge on your machine is going beyond the optimal range indicated.
      Best, David

  6. Great article! Can you please explain though why nowadays everybody is recommending a 1:2 ratio whilst the original espresso recipe is more like 1:4 (7 g of coffee for 25 ml of espresso)??? Thank you! :-)

    1. Hello! Ratios are unitless. You are mixing units, in this case; grams in and mL out – this doesn’t work.

      What you’ll find is that when you start measuring the mass of a 30mL espresso made from a 7 gram dose, it’ll weigh close to 14 grams or so.

  7. Hi David,

    I’m having a similar problem as the last commentor: I use a Breville Dual-Boiler, and I can get a great extraction using the single cup basket, but when using the double cup basket its coming in under-extracted, at pressures of 5-6 bars. What do you think could be the problem? I’m filling the baskets to the same level, and I’m not using pressurized baskets.

  8. Hello,
    I’m looking to purchase a single wall/ non-pressurized basket for my Breville Bambino.
    Can you please explain what the benefit is to the end coffee product of using this kind of product?
    Will I need to grind finer than normal?
    Thank you!

    1. Hi Andrew,
      The whole reason double-walled filter baskets exist is to allow consumers to use pre-ground coffee in their espresso machines.

      Pre-ground is bad for a number of reasons but not limited to:
      – the flavour is inferior because the coffee has already staled
      – virtually impossible to produce crema because of a lack of CO2
      – you’re stuck at one grind setting, thus not allowing you to influence extraction time.

      Single wall baskets are the norm and must be used when using freshly ground coffee. Buy a grinder, grind what you need, when you need it. Your coffee will thank you for it, and you’ll have a much better-tasting cup of coffee to boot.

  9. Hi Alan,

    I’ve been using the dual wall basket with my Breville Barista Express because of the amount of crema I get from it. My dual wall basket seems to be clogged and resisting my efforts to unclog it. Since you advise not using them, I will give my single wall basket a go, but how do I get good crema from it? My pressure dial on the machine doesn’t move much and the machine comes with a burr grinder, so I’m using freshly ground beans.

    Thank you,

    1. Hi Jennifer,

      Dual wall baskets are designed to be used with preground coffee only because it allows you to make a fake crema. If on the single wall basket isn’t producing much crema there could be two things at play:

      1) you’re not grinding fine enough. Grind finer, this will slow the water down and the increased contact time should help to produce slightly more crema

      2) the coffee you’re grinding is already stale. Try and use coffee that is fresh (ideally less than 30 days from the date of roasting). The fresher the coffee, the more carbon dioxide it will have and therefore produce more crema. As coffee stales, its CO2 content diminishes and the amount of crema you’re able to make also decreases

      Best, David

  10. Really informative! Thank you! I been trying to find the correct size of the filter basket of a la cimbali m27 re , and im planning to buy a blind filter for it but i just don’t know it’s size. I dont wanna make mistakes because i would probably have it shipped from another country. Hope you can help me . All the best !

  11. Thanks for this! and thanks for all the replies to the other questions so far.
    I also have a question.

    I mostly use around 18gr for my shots. I have a 18-22gr basket. So after tamping, i have quite some headroom (i mean the space between the surface of the puck and the outer rim of the basket).. After pulling a shot I mostly see a wet/mushy surface of the puck when removing the portafilter.

    I saw a friend who has a 12-18gr basket. he also uses 18gr of coffee, and obviously, since the basket is less deep, there is less headroom.

    I guess my question is: which is better theoretically? what is a good amount of ‘headroom’? or doesn’t it matter at all? Thanks in advance!

    1. Hi Oscar,
      Usually, baskets don’t have such a wide tolerance in stated capacity. So this to me sounds a little strange. Either way, a wet sloppy puck is of no consequence if the coffee tastes good and there is no signs of channelling. The end goal here is to achieve even extraction, consistently to optimise the flavour balance and articulation of flavour of the espresso.

      If you’re worried about sloppy pucks but happy with the flavour of your espresso extractions, find a smaller basket and use the same recipe.


  12. Hi
    I’m using a russell hobbs espresso coffee machine
    I wanted to know which filter basket is compatible with my machine

    1. My best guess is a 51mm basket. It looks like a rebranded Sunbeam EM3600/3800 from Russell Hobbs. Coffee Snobs forum has more information – Google is your friend :) Good luck.

  13. Thanks for the informative article. Some machines provide preset infusion times for single and double shots which are 60 and 112 g water, respectively with empty basket. With nominally filled baskets, this provides about 30 and 60g out, respectively. The portafilters hold approximately 8 and 12 g each which indicates as an earlier comment made a of a 1:4 ratio . I have tried to push the grind size to get the 1:2 ratio but don’t think my delonghi EC680 pump can provide enough pressure to achieve this, (its way over extracted since I’m using the grind to limit the flow output). My conclusion is this machine doesn’t provide the ability to get to this ratio because of its default feature set. Is this a good assumption or am I missing something?

    BTW, I’m ok with the 1:4 ratio because the cappuccino is respectable, but unfortunately the espressos are slightly bitter.

    1. Hi Gary, I’m not familiar with your machine, but you’re approaching this the wrong way. Cut the water off when you reach your target yield, if the machine pumps too much water, just cut it off. 1:2 is just a recommendation, not a be-all and end-all. Some coffees taste better at slightly less than 1:2, some coffees taste better at slightly more.

      You adjust pour time by adjusting grind setting. Finer = slower, coarser = faster.


  14. Hi Guys. I recently bought on line a 18/22 grams IMS basket for my Expobar Office dual boiler machine.. However unless I raise the dose to 24 grams my OCD tamper hardly touches the grinds. Is it possible that I was sold a 24 grams triple basket? If not, does it matters that I’m dosing 24 grams into an 18/22 grams basket? Regards Mario

    1. The OCD is depth adjustable. Unlock the base by turning the top part counterclockwise, wind the OCD base down to desired depth, then turn the top to lock the base.

  15. I have the Breville espresso machine with the built in bean grinder. I started a new bean and have been trying to figure out which coarse i should be using. I’ve tried them all and it seems that every time i try and pull the shot, the pressure shoots up and it barely drops out. What could possibly be the problem?

    1. Hi Sophie,
      Are you using single-wall baskets? So long as the dose, yield and time are correct, don’t pay much attention to the pressure gauge. If you want the needle to drop, grind coarser.

  16. Hi there,

    Really useful article. Could you recommend a beginner’s machine with a 58mm basket? I got given a 58mm tamper for Christmas but our old machine (which just blew up this morning) is a Delonghi with a 52mm basket. Need to replace it with something more suitable.

    1. Hi John, sorry to hear about your machine troubles. The Breville Dynamic Duo is what I’d recommend. On sale, you can pick it up for about $1,200 AUD. You get the Breville Dual Boiler BES920 and the Breville Smart Grinder BCG820BSS. Fantastic set-up that will give you amazing coffee at home (I use the Breville Dual Boiler at home).

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